Environmental Economics Program

Pollution and development are encroaching on the world’s ecosystems and degrading the natural environment.

Unless market systems are in place to properly account for the true costs of society’s damaging effects on air, water and land, these problems may only get worse. Duke’s Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions Environmental Economics Program, along with partners at Duke and across the world, uses economic principles, methods and models to advance incentive-based solutions that improve the world’s natural environment and help meet human needs.

Public and private policy makers seek the Program’s objective economics expertise to develop policies to address critical issues such as how economic incentives to reduce tropical deforestation can be sustained over time, and whether renewable energy subsidies are meeting goals.

The Program develops and applies several economic models to examine the environmental and economic consequences of energy policies. In addition, the team studies pricing mechanisms for the efficient use of natural resources, including cap-and-trade mechanisms for greenhouse gases, tradable rights to address overfishing and tiered pricing of residential water use. 

Download Brochure

Focus areas include: climate change policy design; economic and environmental consequences of bioenergy; sustainable forestry, agriculture and land use; incentives to protect biodiverse, carbon-rich ecosystems; and economic modeling of energy policy and technology.